Our tongue is an important body organ that is located in the mouth and is responsible for functions such as tasting and modifying sounds of speech. However, this flexible muscular organ can also help to know if someone is suffering from certain diseases once it is noticed to have become discolored. When this happens, you might need to go for some medical tests to assert whether you are suffering from a disease or the discoloration was caused by a different factor.
According to a publication by verywellhealth, it is important to go for the following diseases test when discoloration is observed in the tongue.
1. Atrophic Glossitis
This is a disease that causes partial or total loss of filiform papillae on the tongue’s dorsal surface. It can occur from factors such as malnutrition, anemia, or injury. A sufferer of this disease will notice discolorations in the tongue among other tongue symptoms like itching and swelling.
2. Oral Thrush
Oral thrush is caused when yeast is overgrown in an individual’s mouth, thereby causing tongue discoloration. It can be due to several factors such as a weak immune system, antibiotics, poor mouth hygiene, etc.
This is another disease that can cause discoloration in the tongue. Leukoplakia forms white patches on the tongue, along the gums, and inside its sufferer’s cheeks. People who take alcohol or smoke excessively are at risk of contracting this disease and in rare cases, it can lead to oral cancer if left untreated.
Conclusively, when you notice your tongue has a discoloration, do well to consult a healthcare professional to know if you’re suffering from any of the aforementioned diseases. If diagnosed, you can swiftly begin the tongue disease treatment according to your doctor’s advice and prevent any further complications that may have arisen if left untreated.